Ordu and its environs are one of the oldest settlements in human history ever since BC 15. century.
The ruins in Bozukkale have been made by the “Kotyora” civilization founded by Sinop immigrants of Miletos origin. In addition, there are also traces of Persian, Byzantine, Hellenistic, Roman, Seljuk, Principalities and Ottoman civilizations. The “Phoenicians”, which are a maritime tribe, embarked on expeditions to the Black Sea at different times between the 11th and 12th centuries BC and established market places there. During these periods, when the ocean roads were not yet discovered, this road was very important for the commodity coming from Europe through the Black Sea to Asia. With the development of the Miletus (Miletus) and their dominance in the Black Sea, it is estimated that they settled in the north-west of Ordu, which is still used as a cemetery in the early 6th century. (Kotyora)
Kotyora means “Mountain Skirt” in Greek. This means that the town was named according to the characteristics of the place, where it was founded. After the “Hacıemiroğulları Principality” founded by Hacı Emir Bey, who is the son of Bayram Bey, who is a member of Çepni Tribe, in the territory of Mesudiye district of Ordu, succeeded to descend from Ordu by the command of Emir Süleyman Bey in 1381, then Ordu came under Turkish rule. Although the sovereignty of the Principality in Ordu was passed to the Ottomans in the time of Çelebi Mehmet and Yıldırım Beyazıt, the Turkish Union in Anatolia will come to the disintegration phase in Anatolia, which resulted in the leadership of Timur in the battle of Yıldırım Beyazıt-Timur and the victory of Timur. The “Ankara War”, which regarded as the beginning of the 13 years-continued “Fetret Age”, the Principality was rewarded by the Timur and these lands were given to them again. Hacıemiroğulları Principality were able to continue their existence between 1344-1461 and the army joined the Ottoman lands with Fatih’s Trabzon expedition. Hacıemiroğulları Principality, on the other hand, lived on the lands of Ordu for a long time as a family.
Ordu city was located between 37-38 degrees east meridians and 40-41 degrees north parallels. It is surrounded by Giresun in the East, Samsun in the West, Sivas and Tokat in the South, and the Black Sea in the North. The responsibility area of city management is 115 km. the width and 62 km. the depth. The coast is 60 miles long and has places and beaches where small bays and gulfs where the means of sea transportation can be easily grounded. The area of the city is 6001 square kilometer. According to the 1997 census, the general population of the city is 858,576 and 14.3 people per square kilometer. Turnasuyu, Melet River, Akçaova Stream, Ilıca Stream, Bolaman River, Elekçi Stream, Curi Stream, Çeviz Stream and Akçay Stream divide the land into deep valleys.
– Beaches: Ordu City has a 110 km coast to the sea and natural beaches extend along this coast. Güzelyalı beach in the center of Ordu, Fasılcık beach in Gülyalı, Efirli Beach in Thursday, Çaka, Cape Yason and its surrounding beaches, Kireççi Burnu Beach in Fatsa, Uzunkum and Cüri Creek Beach in Ünye are important and prominent beaches of the city.
– Tablelands: The Çambaşı tableland, Mesudiye Keyfalan tableland, Aybastı Thursday tableland, Akkus Argın tableland, Gölköy Aydoğan tableland and Hill, Yeşilce Topçam tableland, the tablelands are very suitable for tourism. However, the fact that it does not have sufficient facilities in terms of accommodation and catering, transportation and publicity problems are among the reasons why the city could not make an important move in the sector of tourism.
– Recreation Areas: Boztepe, where has been an inspiration to the lyricists, is the most important promenade. Boztepe, where has attracted attention with paragliding in recent years, has an insatiable view with its location overlooking the city and the Black Sea. However, because the district hasn’t enough facilities, hasn’t been efficiently advertised, and the number of construction has increased, has been naturality fallen into ruin. The road leading up to Boztepe is steep and below standards, and it does not have a checkpoint, especially at night. This deficiency causes fatal traffic accidents. After certain hours, it is concentrated only in certain seasons and in certain seasons of the day.
– Rivers: Melet River, Turna Water and Civil Stream in Ordu, Çaka Stream in Çaka, Bolaman Stream in Bolaman are some of the most important rivers and there is no investment or promotion in order to use these streams for tourism purposes.